Tubular changes in obstructed kidney of adult mice evaluated using immunohistochemistry for segment-specific marker
Y. Kida1,2 and T. Sato1
1Department of Anatomy II, School of Dental Medicine, Tsurumi University, Yokohama, Japan and 2Department of Nephrology, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.
Offprint requests to: Dr. Tetsuji Sato, 2-1-3 Tsurumi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, 230-8501, Japan. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summary. The main focus of the present investigation is to examine obstructed kidneys due to unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) model in adult mice using segment-specific tubular marker and to confirm the detailed morphological evaluation of UUO that is a typical model for the tubulointerstitial fibrosis which is an endpoint outcome of chronic renal diseases. Adult mice were subjected to UUO, and kidneys were harvested 1, 3, 7 days after surgical operation. Expansion of interstitial space both in the cortex and the medulla was confirmed 3 days after UUO by HE- and azan-staining. Interstitial fibrosis developed especially around dilated tubules. Immunohistochemistry for segment-specific antibodies revealed that the proximal tubules and the descending limb of Henle's loop did not dilate until 7 days after UUO, whereas initial dilation of the ascending limb of Henle's loop appeared to occur one day after surgery. The segment from the distal tubules to the collecting ducts began dilating one day after surgery and afterward significantly dilated. The downstream segment of nephron was involved in dilating earlier than the upstream of nephron in obstructed kidney examined in the present study. Moreover, the tubules accompanying apoptosis of tubular epithelia significantly dilated compared with those without apoptotic tubular epithelia. From the above-mentioned findings, we conclude that tubular dilatation of distal segment (from the ascending limb of Henle's loop to the collecting ducts) of nephron develops tubular epithelial apoptosis caused by accumulated urine, which would link to tubular disappearance and its replacement with fibrous tissue in UUO kidney of adult mice. Histol Histopathol 22, 291-303 (2007)
Key words: Unilateral ureteral obstruction, Tubular dilatation, Apoptosis, Fibrosis, Segment-specific tubular marker