Cellular and Molecular Biology

Bone remodelling and tumour grade modifications induced by interactions between bone and swarm rat chondrosarcoma

E. Grimaud1, C. Damiens1, A.V. Rousselle1,2, N. Passuti1,2, D. Heymann1,3 and F. Gouin1,2

1Pathophysiology of Bone Resorption Laboratory, Medicine Faculty, Nantes Cedex 1, France, 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hôtel-Dieu Hospital, place A. Ricordeau, Nantes Cedex 1, France and 3Histology-Embryology Laboratory, Medicine Faculty, Nantes, France

Offprint requests to: Dr D. Heymann, Laboratoire de Physiopathologie de la Résorption Osseuse, EE 99-01, Faculté de Médecine, 1 rue Gaston Veil, 44035 Nantes cedex 1, France. Fax: + 33 (0) 2 40 41 28 60. e-mail: dominique.heymann@sante.univ-nantes.fr


Summary. Chondrosarcoma is currently defined as a malignant cartilage tumour arising de novo or within a pre-existing benign cartilage tumour. Chondrosarcoma can be surgically resected, but all grades have significant rates of local recurrence. The purpose of the present study was to develop an animal intraosseous chondrosarcoma model simulating the progression of human chondrosarcoma and elucidating its behaviour and biology. An intraosseous Swarm rat model was designed to assess interactions between bone and chondrosarcoma. A comparison of tumour grading was carried out according to transplantation site. The effects of chondrosarcoma cells (SRC cells) on the mineralisation capacities of osteoblasts and on osteoclast differentiation were studied in relation to modifications observed in vivo at the cellular level. Transplantation of Swarm rat chondrosarcoma within bone marrow or contiguous to induced periosteal lesions led to extensive bone remodelling with trabecular bone rarefaction and periosteal apposition. Transplantation in close contact to bone but without any periosteal lesion had no effect on bone, suggesting that bone healing factors interact with tumour development. With the intramedullary model, the development of tumours of different grade confirms that bone environment is an important factor in malignancy. A decrease of bone nodule formation was noted after co-cultures of SRC cells with rat bone marrow, but there was no modification of osteoclast differentiation after cultures of total rabbit bone cells with SRC cells. These data reveal the importance of interactions between bone environment and tumour in inducing bone remodelling and variations in tumour malignancy. Histol. Histopathol. 17, 1103-1111 (2002)

Key words: Swarm rat chondrosarcoma, Bone remodelling, Grading, Malignancy

DOI: 10.14670/HH-17.1103