Cellular and Molecular Biology

Heterotopic neogenesis of skeletal muscle induced in the adult rat diaphragmatic peritoneum: Ultrastructural and transplantation studies

A.B. Drakontides1, M.J. Danon2 and S. Levine3,4

Departments of 1Cell Biology and Anatomy, 2Neurology and
3Pathology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York and the 4Nathan S. Kline Institute, Orangeburg, New York, USA

Offprint requests to: Anna B. Drakontides, Ph.D., Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York 10595, USA. Fax (914) 594-4653. e-mail: anna_drakontides@nymc.edu


Summary. During the course of a mild chemical peritonitis, new skeletal muscle fibers develop and persist over a twelve-month interval in the dia-phragmatic peritoneum. Light and electron microscopic studies revealed that the ectopic fibers developed from myoblasts and myotubes to fully differentiated muscle cells in the same manner as normally situated skeletal muscle. The ectopic fibers were separated from the intrinsic muscle by dense connective tissue and an elastic lamina. Diaphragms taken from normal rats and transplanted to the omentum of isogeneic recipients also developed skeletal muscle neogenesis in the same ectopic location as in the normal diaphragm. Satellite cells, reactive fibroblasts in the peritoneum, mesen-chymal stem cells or blood-borne myoblast precursor cells could be the source of these ectopic muscle fibers. The results of the present studies, however, cannot provide conclusive evidence for the origin of the new muscle fibers. Regardless of their source, the methods employed may represent a unique model for the development and prolonged maintenance of skeletal muscle fibers in a heterotopic location in vivo. Histol. Histopathol. 14, 1135-1143 (1999)

Key words: Myogenesis, Rat diaphragm, Transplanted diaphragm, Ultrastructure skeletal muscle, Chemical peritonitis

DOI: 10.14670/HH-14.1135